China’s Perspective on Northeast Asia Electricity Interconnection

24 Mar 2020

Read on Twitter:

⏲️Starting in 5 minutes: @CEMSecretariat @Geidco_Official China’s Perspective on Northeast Asia Electricity Interconnection @fengzhou_GEIDCO @Zed40247448

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Speaker Introduction: Lei Xiaomeng

…who will be speaking on

Current status

#COVID2019 caused decrease in energy production/consumption in last quarter 2019

On 13th five year PDP implementation plan: how do past targets compare with what has been achieved in 2020?

Recent Projects : China-Korea Interconnection project

Multiple agreements signed in 2019 between China, Japan, Russia, Korea on interconnection projects

Mongolia gobi desert

[2bis] @Geidco_Official planning study on generating solar/wind energy in the mongolia Gobi desert, wind power in North-East China, hydro power in Russian Lena/Amur river basins and sea of Okhotsk / Sakhalin

Transmission lines

[2bis] Multiple transmission lines studied at the moment

Evaluation studies

[2bis] Ongoing studies to evaluate

Key neighbouring countries interconnection projects

[3] Summary of key neighbouring countries interconnection projects

Challenges and benefits of interconnections - Worldwide

Overview of grid interconnection clusters and agreements

Southern-Africa: SAPP EU: @ENTSO_E : @EU_Commission economic and political community Asia: GMS-RPTCC supported by @ADB_HQ ASEAN region …

Combining similar activities in one platform to avoid duplication of efforts

Experiences from the North-East Asia Regional Power Interconnection and Cooperation Forums

GEIDCO planning study of energy power flows between countries

Case: Mongolia, Russia, China, DPRK, ROK, Japan

cc @DamienERNST1 @nworbmot

Case studies

  1. REI Study
  2. Ongoing study on Silk Road Super Grid (64 countries, including Central Asian states, production and export to Europe, China, Japan and South Korea)

Way forward

Questions and Answers

Q: @ned_downie: Who signed the agreement (between south korea, japan, …) and what means a joint development agreement between these countries?

(A: I leave that for @ned_downie to clarify ;) )

Q: Work is to be done to facilitate power trade (Korea, …) What could for example be the rules for access to transmission and price mechanism? What is the sequencing to develop those?

A: Interesting question. We need several steps, but the first one are transmission plans.

Q: What is the most important factor: increasing collaboration between countries, or facilitate increased transmission (and stabilisation) of low-carbon energy?

A: The most driving force is to share intermittend renewable energy. We need to do more studies on load profiles.

Q: @RobGramlichDC : How are grid contingency / grid interruptions handled? Is there a backup for interruptions?

A: There are very simple operational rules for this. … (@RobGramlichDC for more info)

Q: @Lifethinks : Are there day-ahead markets planned to be implemented?

A: Markets are considered on a regional level. But all countries have their own economic structure. We should be able to agree on simple regional rules.

Post-Q myself : Did the Silk Road Super Grid analysis include an assessment of carbon reduction potential of increased transmission line capacities?

@Geidco_Official @fengzhou_GEIDCO @Zed40247448, do you have a pointer / study reference to clarify this?